Kléber, Jean-Baptiste

(1753-1800)
   military figure
   A commander who played prominent roles in the War of the First Coalition (1793-97) and in the Egyptian campaign (1798-1800), Jean-Baptiste Kléber was born in Strasbourg and studied at the military school in Munich, Germany (1776-82), then pursued an architectural career in France. During the revolution of 1789, as a French officer in charge of a battalion of Alsatian volunteers, he distinguished himself at Mainz (1792) and was consequently made a general. The next year, he suppressed an uprising in the vendée, but was recalled after complaints that he showed excessive leniency toward the insurgents. In 1794, he served in campaigns in Belgium and on the Rhine under Marshal jean-baptiste jourdan, winning the Battle of Fleurus and taking Maastricht. But following a difference of opinion with Jourdan, Kléber resigned and began work on his memoirs (1796). In 1798, however, he was given command of a division as part of the expedition to Egypt undertaken by Napoléon Bonaparte (napoleon i). There, Kléber was wounded during the capture of Alexandria. He was made governor of that city and the next year won a brilliant victory at Mt. Tabor over the Turks in Syria. After Napoleon's return to France in 1799, General Kléber was left in command of the French Army in Egypt. He defeated Turkish forces at Heliopolis and retook Cairo, where an insurrection against the French had occurred. It was shortly afterward that he was assassinated there.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Kléber, Jean-Baptiste — ▪ French general born March 9, 1753, Strasbourg, France died June 14, 1800, Cairo, Egypt  French general of the Revolutionary wars who suppressed the counterrevolutionary uprising in the Vendée area of western France in 1793. He later played a… …   Universalium

  • KLÉBER, JEAN BAPTISTE —    French general, born at Strasburg; originally an architect, served with distinction in the Revolutionary army, accompanied Bonaparte to Egypt, and was left by him in command, where, after a bold attempt to regain lost ground and while in the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jean-Baptiste Kleber — Jean Baptiste Kléber (* 9. März 1753 in Straßburg, Frankreich; † 14. Juni 1800 in Kairo, Ägypten) war ein französischer General. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Bis zur Revolution …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean Baptiste Kleber — Jean Baptiste Kléber (* 9. März 1753 in Straßburg, Frankreich; † 14. Juni 1800 in Kairo, Ägypten) war ein französischer General. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Bis zur Revolution …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Baptiste Kleber — Jean Baptiste Kléber Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kléber (homonymie). Jean Baptiste Kléber Naissance 9  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Baptiste Kleber — Jean Baptiste Kléber Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kléber (homonymie). Jean Baptiste Kléber Naissance 9  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Baptiste Kléber — (Estrasburgo 9 de marzo de 1753 – El Cairo 14 de junio de 1800) fue un general francés. Kléber nació en Estrasburgo, donde su padre trabajaba como constructor. Hizo prácticas de arquitectura, parte de ellas en París, pero su oportuna asistencia a …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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